Accumulation Distribution Indicator: How to Use the A D Indicator

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accumulation distribution indicator

Increased liquidity, better order execution, and a more active market bringing buyers and sellers together all result from higher trade volumes for a given asset. Every transaction between buyers and sellers determines a security’s volume. Every time a buyer requests to purchase what a seller is offering at a specific price, there has been a single transaction.

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Observing volume patterns over time, we can gain insight into the level of conviction driving advances and dips in particular stocks and even entire markets. The same holds true for options traders, as trading volume verifies the current interest in an option. In summary, the Accumulation Distribution Line is a very effective tool to confirm price action and show warnings of potential price reversals. The accumulation/distribution line or accumulation/distribution

index is a technical analysis indicator intended to relate

price and volume in the stock market. Accumulation Distribution is an enhancement of the On Balance Volume


Calculating the Money Flow Multiplier

There are other tools that are categorized as volumes indicators. These are essential because they help to identify whether trends are supported by most traders. The chart above shows Southwest Airlines (LUV) with the Accumulation Distribution Line peaking two months ahead of prices. The indicator not only peaked, but it also moved lower in March and April, which reflected some selling pressure.

accumulation distribution indicator

When spotting these divergences, either bullish or bearish, it is best to allow a week or two for the signals to develop. In the case of bearish patterns, keep an eye out for flat signals or those lacking a sharp divergence – these can also signal that no future change is probable. A bearish signal is formed when the A/D line trends downward, but the price of the security is in an uptrend (see Figure 2). Selling pressure is beginning to increase, usually signaling a future downtrend in the price. The A/D is just one tool that can be used to assess strength or weakness within a trend, but it is not without its faults. Whether money flows in a positive or negative direction, MFI tracks that flow.

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Rohan Arora is a member of WSO Editorial Board which helps ensure the accuracy of content across top articles on Wall Street Oasis. Granville created OBV to predict when significant changes in the markets would occur based on changes in volume since he believed that volume was the driving force behind markets. The Williams’ Accumulation/Distribution indicator is a cummulative total of today’s Accumulation/Distribution and the Accumulation/Distribution from the previous day. The stock-to-flow ratio is a metric used to measure the scarcity of a commodity, particularly precious meta…

accumulation distribution indicator

First, we calculate a multiplier based on the closing high-low range. We then multiply this value by the volume for that period, which gives us the Money Flow Volume. The accumulation distribution indicator does not factor in the previous close. Instead, it focuses on the proximity of closing price relative to stock’s high-low range for the given period (day, week, or month).

b) Bearish ADL Divergence

This version its made for 8-12h and works amazingly on the ETH pairs. This is a long only strategy

The components for the inside of the… This indicator allows you to set a range of price which you want to get an alert about if price breaks that structure. Medic trades using “Smart Money Concepts”, and Medic’s system revolves around the one taught by MentFX (i.e. Structure, Supply/ Demand Zone , and Confirmation). While this system per se doesn’t require the use of a volume indicator, Medic has come to respect the OBV and Accumulation / Distribution .

  • Another example is using the Relative Strength Index (RSI) in conjunction with the A/D line to spot overbought and oversold market conditions.
  • The accumulation distribution indicator is a good means to assess the volume force behind the pricing move.
  • The ADL has become closely related to two of Chaikin’s other famous indicators; the Chaikin Oscillator and the Chaikin Money Flow indicator.
  • This divergence

    signals increased buying pressure, which can indicate weakening seller


Sometimes there is a disconnect between prices and the indicator. Sometimes the Accumulation Distribution Line simply doesn’t work. This is why it is vitally important to use the Accumulation Distribution Line, and all indicators for that matter, in conjunction with price/trend analysis and/or other indicators. The A/D indicator is a type of momentum indicator that measures the flow of money into and out of an asset. It is based on the principle that, when an asset is accumulated (bought), the price will increase, and when it is distributed (sold), the price will decrease. The A/D indicator calculates the net difference between buying and selling pressure by comparing the closing price to the high and low of the day.

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Furthermore, notice how the indicator rises above and below the zero line. At first glance, it may appear the indicator just mirrors the price action, but there is much more going on beneath the hood which we will now explain. Therefore, the A/D is a volume-based indicator and is also part of the oscillator family.

The A/D Line helps investors and traders identify trends, potential reversals, and confirmations of price movements. When the A/D Line rises, it indicates that money flows into the security, suggesting accumulation. Conversely, when the A/D Line declines, it implies that money is flowing out of the security, signaling distribution. Divergences between the A/D Line and the security’s price can also offer valuable insights. For example, if the security’s price reaches a new high, but the A/D Line fails to follow suit, it may signal an impending price reversal.

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